This video/podcast is part I in a series of three podcasts on Indigenous child health in Canada. The first video/podcast focuses on the historical context contributing to the state of Indigenous child health in Canada today. This podcast/video series was developed by Nikita-Kiran Singh, a 4th-year medical student at the University of Alberta, in collaboration with Dr. Lola Baydala, Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Alberta, and Sherri Di Lallo, Indigenous Child Health Nurse Coordinator at the Stollery Children's Hospital in Edmonton, Alberta. A special thank you is extended to Sherry Letendre and Aaron Letendre from the Alexis Nakota Sioux Nation; Aaron sings “Grandmother’s Song” heard throughout this series. We also thank Melissa Tremblay, Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology at the University of Alberta, and the youth of Maskwacis for sharing their photovoice project images featured in part III.